Nidhi Gupta's

Nidhi Gupta's

NoSQL Databases

Nidhi Gupta's photo
Nidhi Gupta
·May 22, 2022·

2 min read

In order to understand NoSQL, it’s necessary to understand SQL. NoSQL Databases refers to a database method that differs entirely from the typical relational database management system(RDBMS). SQL is a query language used by relational databases.



SQL is a Structured Query Language whereas NoSQL is Not SQL or Not Only SQL. SQL is used by relational databases whereas NoSQL is used by non-relational databases. SQL follows the structured schema whereas NoSQL follows the unstructured schema. Unstructured data increases at a much faster rate than structured data and does not fit into RDBMS relational structures, thus NoSQL is particularly useful for storing unstructured data.

Types of NoSQL Databases

1. Key-Value Store (i) Most basic form of NoSQL database.

(ii) Schema-free data model is arranged as a dictionary of key-value pairs.

(iii) For each key a value is assigned for all the items.

Examples of Key-Value stores are: Amazon DynamoDB, Redis, and Riak


2. Document

(i) Same as key-value database concept.A step further by grouping documents into collections.

(ii) Supports queries on attributes within documents and nested key-value pairs.

Examples of Documents are: MongoDB and Amazon DocumentDB


3. Column-oriented

(i)Focus on columns, and each column is addressed separately.

(ii) More efficiently works at storing data and querying across rows of sparse data.

Examples of the column-oriented databases are: HBase and Apache Cassandra


4. Graph-based

(i) Multi-relational in nature.

(ii) Tracks both entities and their connections. An entity is a node and connections are edges.

Examples of Graph-based databases are: Neo4J, Infinite Graph, and OrientDB


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